Diseases caused by smoking

Diseases caused by smoking

Do you know that smoking can cause premature baldness and dandruff?

We occasionally hear about cancers and heart diseases being linked to illnesses attributed from tobacco smoke and cigarettes. But do you know about these lesser known sickness that are caused by tobacco smoking?


Smokers are 30–40% more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than nonsmokers. The more cigarettes you smoke, the higher your risk for type 2 diabetes.

Erectile dysfunction

Smoking is known to damage blood vessels and hinder proper blood flow, which can affect erectile function.

Cleft palates

Women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to have a baby with an orofacial cleft than women who do not smoke. Cleft lip and cleft palate are thought to be caused by a combination of genes and other factors, such as things the mother comes in contact with in her environment, or what the mother eats or drinks, or certain medications she uses during pregnancy.

Hearing loss

Compared to nonsmokers, people who currently smoked were 60 percent more likely to develop high-frequency hearing loss that makes it hard to understand speech in noisy environments. Current smokers were also 20 percent more likely to develop low frequency hearing loss that makes difficult to detect deep voices.

Vision loss

Smoking causes changes in the eyes that can lead to vision loss. Cataracts cause blurry vision that worsens over time. Without surgery, cataracts can lead to serious vision loss. If you smoke, you are two to three times more likely to develop cataracts compared with a nonsmoker.


People who smoked more than two packs of cigarettes a day in mid life were about 2.5 to 2.7 times more likely to develop Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia as compared with people who never smoked.




National Health Service (NHS)

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